Socialist Lenin Moreno was set to extend a decade of leftist rule in Ecuador on Monday after official results showed him winning the presidential election, as his conservative rival cried foul.
Both candidates claimed victory on the basis of conflicting exit polls from Sunday’s runoff, but with 96.94 percent of districts reporting the National Electoral Council said that Moreno — the designated heir to President Rafael Correa’s “21st-century socialism” — won 51.12 percent of the vote against 48.88 percent for ex-banker Guillermo Lasso.
The election was closely watched as a barometer of the political climate in Latin America, where more than a decade of leftist dominance has been waning.It may also decide the fate of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, who has been holed up in Ecuador’s London embassy since 2012.
Lasso however alleged fraud, claiming that his campaign had evidence of an attempt to rig the results.
“We are going to defend the will of the Ecuadoran people in the face of an attempted fraud that aims to install what would be an illegitimate government,” Lasso said, setting up what could be a long and ugly fight.
Some Lasso supporters protested outside election offices in Quito and other cities demanding transparency in the vote count.
“We will continue this process that has changed Ecuadorans’ lives, especially for the poorest citizens,” the triumphant Moreno, a charismatic wheelchair-bound politico paralyzed in a 1998 carjacking, told supporters.
He then launched into an exuberant victory party at which he regaled the crowd with his singing, belting out Latin classics alongside Correa.
– Changing political map –
Correa presided over an economic boom that has recently gone bust.
In Latin America, where a so-called “pink tide” of leftist leaders has been ebbing, the vote is seen as crucial.
Argentina, Brazil and Peru have all shifted to the right in recent months, as the region has sunk into recession and leftist leaders have been tarnished by a string of corruption scandals.
Boosted by high prices for its oil exports, Ecuador registered solid economic growth averaging 4.4 percent per year during the first eight years of Correa’s presidency, before tipping into recession in mid-2015.
Correa won loyal fans among the poor with generous social benefits that helped reduce the poverty rate from 36.7 percent to 23.3 percent in this country of 16 million people.
But he has also faced accusations of corruption and squandering the windfall of the oil boom.
Moreno, 64, won the first-round vote on February 19 with 39 percent to Lasso’s 28 percent.
But Lasso, 61, united much of the opposition vote behind his promises to create a million jobs, eliminate 14 different taxes and boost foreign investment in Ecuador.
Correa was triumphant at Moreno’s victory party, where supporters chanted, “Correa, we’ll miss you.”
“I’m leaving the country in good hands,” he said.
– Assange wades in –
In another of the race’s hot issues, Lasso threatened to revoke the political asylum Ecuador has granted its most famous guest, Assange.
Correa, an outspoken critic of the United States, let the WikiLeaks founder stay at the London embassy to avoid arrest and extradition to Sweden over a rape allegation.
Assange waded into the electoral fray Sunday, congratulating Moreno and tweeting: “I cordially invite Lasso to leave Ecuador within 30 days (with or without his tax haven millions).”