… As Consultant Enjoins Lagosians to Maintain a Healthy Kidney
A Consultant and Family Medicine Physician with the General Hospital, Ijede, Dr. Oluwaseun Ayodeji Jegede, has called on members of the public to ensure they maintain an optimally healthy kidney at all times.
Dr. Jegede made the call during a chat with news correspondents as part of activities to mark the Y2022 World Kidney Day, noting that a healthy kidney is one that is both structurally and physiologically capable to carry out all its blood filtration, metabolic and endocrine functions without any hitch.
He said: “The kidney helps in regulating blood pressure, stimulating the production of red blood cells, vitamin D and calcium metabolism with respect to bone integrity, ultrafiltration of blood to remove waste products of metabolism from the body, maintenance of the body’s fluid balance and maintenance of the right levels of electrolytes among others”.
“The first step to maintaining a healthy kidney is to regularly investigate some basic functions of the kidneys through investigative tests that must include regular high blood pressure measurement because high blood pressure may indicate damage to the small vessels in the kidney (The glomerulus); urinalysis to check amounts of albumin or other traces of protein in the urine and Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) measurement which can be estimated from carrying out blood electrolyte, urea and creatinine test. The GFR measures how well the kidneys are filtering the blood”, the Consultant stated.
He remarked that if the various tests indicate kidney disease, then more elaborate investigations can be carried out, such as kidney ultrasound scan, CT scan, ureteroscopy, renal biopsy and MRI among others.
The Physician listed some specific kidney conditions as Pyelonephritis (infection of kidney), Glomerulonephritis (Inflammation of the small filtration blood vessels of the kidneys), Kidney stones, Chronic Kidney disease, Kidney Cancer, Renal Cyst and End-Stage Renal disease among others.
Dr. Jegede, however, stated that regular exercise, weight control, reduction of salt intake, quitting cigarette smoking, staying hydrated always, ensuring a well-controlled blood pressure, maintaining well-controlled blood sugar levels, monitoring of cholesterol levels and eating a balanced diet are some of the ways to ensure having healthy kidneys.
While maintaining that fatigue, weakness, difficult or painful urination, foamy urine, pink, dark urine (blood in urine), increased thirst and swollen face, hands, abdomen ankles and feet are some of the signs of kidney disease, Dr. Jegede noted that family history of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney failure, age (60 years and above) and kidney stones are some of the predisposing factors of kidney disease.
He, therefore, appealed to the general public to cultivate the habit of regular testing of the functions of the kidney in order to maintain a healthy kidney and prevent kidney damage or failure.