Accelerated vaccinations and a flood of government spending, especially in the United States, have boosted the outlook for the global economy, but more must be done to prevent permanent scars, the IMF said on Tuesday.
The International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook now sees global growth of 6.0 percent this year after the contraction of 3.3 percent in 2020 caused by the Covid-19 pandemic — the worst peacetime downturn since the Great Depression a century before.
Rapid government responses, including $16 trillion in public funds, prevented a much worse outcome, a collapse that could have been “at least three times as large,” IMF chief economist Gita Gopinath said.
The United States, which deployed another $1.9 trillion last month, is expected to grow by 6.4 percent, among the fastest expansions in the world and 1.3 points higher than the January forecast.
Meanwhile, China’s economy, one of few that grew last year, will expand 8.4 percent in 2021, the IMF said.
The Euro Area too will see GDP expand 4.4 percent, slightly better than the prior forecast.
Gopinath said, “even with high uncertainty about the path of the pandemic, a way out of this health and economic crisis is increasingly visible.”
However, she stressed that the health crisis remains the critical factor in the economic recovery, and the slow rollout of vaccinations in many developing countries risks not just a worsening Covid-19 outbreak, but also a more troubling future for those nations.
“The outlook presents daunting challenges… and the potential for persistent economic damage from the crisis,” she said in the forward to the report, again warning against withdrawing support too soon.
“Without additional efforts to give all people a fair shot, cross-country gaps in living standards could widen significantly, and decades-long trends of global poverty reduction could reverse,” Gopinath said.